The history of Tamralipta city and the Bargabhima temple
Tamluk is a city of East Medinipur, West Bengal; From the historical age it was known as Tamralipta. There are so many historical events that surround the city. It is said that, Sati Behula came to the old port ‘Tamralipta’ with dead body of her husband Lakhindar’ on a floating bank (‘Mandas’) made by banana-tree, who lost his life in the ‘Basar-Ghar’ by the instructions of Devi Manasa.
This is not the end! After listening the disgraceful condemnation of her husband, in the house of her own father Daksharaj, Devi Sati’ became angry and 'Sati sacrificed her .Then, being very angry Lord Shiva came their and he lifted Sati-maa’s pious body on the shoulder and started ‘Tandab-nritya’. That time, all the creation, the world was going to face only possibility of great destruction. In that crisis moment, Lord Vishnu tried to distract lord Shiva by fragmented Maa-sati's holy and virtuous body with his Sudarshan Chakra, keeping himself hidden. During that crisis the exchanging of sentences for saving the creatures with lord Shiva, who was just boiling in a very angry condition, was not possible. So, he tried to vanishing the holy-body of Sati-Maa from lord shiva’s shoulder to pacify him. With the help of his great weapon Sudarshan-Chakra Sati-maa's pious body was divided into 51 pieces and scattered away on different places and 51 Pithas were formed.
Needless to say, all of the Pitha’s are Shakti-Pithas’. In Tamluk the ankle of left leg of Devi mother or her left foot or her left ’gulph’ was dropped and formed a Shakti-Pith . The wearable name of the created Pith is called "Bibhash". Devi-maa of this pith is goddess Bhimrupa; Originally known as "bargavima". Her Bhairab is here as Bhutnath, alias Bhutinath (as per other source, "Sarbananda").
There are numerous reports and legends surrounding this temple. They are all very interesting, entertaining and fascinating. Actually, no one is laughing at each other, rather in the form of time, they emerge like a perfect garland. More believable respect awakens the tribute in it.
The east and west Midnapore district has about 4,000 temples. Most of them Eroded, collapsed in the rotation of time. But, despite the overwhelming of the time, the famous temple of Goddess Mother Bargabhima in Tamaluk, is still intact.
With the touch of mythological period, this temple is still present with all legends and history. During worship, ‘Karal-Badanaa’, ‘Ghoradangstra’ form of devi-maa is mentioned, beyond that deity the mother, who is existing in the form of 'Barabhay-dayini', which is as the mother goddess ‘Adyashakti-Mahamaya’. ‘Snigdharupini-Maa '.
In ancient times, the mention of Tamralipta port was found. In a very anger, Lord Shiva killed Brahma's son, as a result of killing brahmanas, he became unable to isolate the head or isolated skull, even after many attempts; Then he Remember Lord Vishnu. Finally, according to the advice of Lord Vishnu, he was able to get rid of his misfortune on the occasion of bathing at 'Bibhas' of Tamralipapta.
Regarding the description of this great place of worship, Lord Vishnu said -
That is, in the south of India, there is Maha-tirtha named ‘Tamalipta’ (Tamralipta), When anybody take there a bath, people went to the way ‘Baikunthya’. Therefore, you go there for the visiting of Tirthraj’.
Needless to say, Mahadev went there after hearing that. It is said that, in between of the Bargabhima temple and Vishnu Narayana temple, he was able to liberate his hands from the skull of the Daksha-raj.
Let's come in the Mahabharata era. Narapati Tamra-raj’ or Tamradhwaj’ was rulling that time. According to his wish, a fisher woman was providing fish to King Tamradhwaj everyday. She had to cross a long road, so,she used to sink the fish once in the water of a ‘kunda’; So, the fish do not die. Immediately after drowning, even the already dead fish were also survived immediately.
With a curiosity, when the king asked about the mystery of the living fish- even after a long journey, the incident came to his notice and he went to see the goddess-mother. Then, arranged for the construction of the temple for the goddess. A kunda beside Barghabhima mother's temple is now adjacent to the north side of the temple. This kunda is not that Kunda, where fisherwoman was able to revive her dead fishes. In her meal, Devi maa prefers a ‘shol-fish’ every day. Even today.
The present form of the Temple of Goddess Bargabhima, it appears to be a sign of different times of reform, growth, revision etc. Buddhist architectural signs are observed in the main temple.
Whenever someone comes to this temple, can feel Indescribable joy and pleasure. Just as the naughty child stays at the touch of the mother's affectionate cloth-edge, much like that. The history-renowned or infamous "Kalapahad" during progressing through the destruction of Deuls or Dev temples on the way to his Orissa campaign, was lying down in his tent in some distance from the port of Tamralipta on the banks of Rupnarayan. Suddenly he saw the peak of this temple established on a high stack. Suddenly, reasonlessly he got up, started moving, towards the temple. Come and stand in front of Debvi mata. Looking at her for a while. The soldiers of his army are waiting behind. Waiting for his order for crushing. But, Surprising everyone, the destroyer of temple, Kalapahar have fallen asleep in the sweet breeze of temple!
Raju, alias Rajivlochan son of a simple mother of the river side of Damodar; That Raju became Muslim being fallen in love with Sultan’s daughter. This Raju became ‘Kalapahar’ of history.
According to “Brihattara Tamralipter itihas” written by famous local writer "Yudhisthir Jana” who is known as ‘Mali-buro’ worshipers of this temple have a copper plate, which is a ‘Panja’ written in Persian language. Visiting the Goddess, being pleased, this document, written by Kalapahad, and it is a Badshahi Punj. In this context, the historic Hunter said, "The new King Kalu bhujiya founded the new goddess and performed the worship of the Devi." Again, the story of establishing this temple and the Goddess of the temple by Dhanapati Sadagar – told us, the third part of "A Statistical Account of Bengal".
This temple of Tamluk is similar to that of a mother's temple. It is said, this deity was converted from the left ankle of devi maa Sati; However, many people think that the deity is made of black stone carvings. Hence, they also acknowledge that such engraving is not usually seen.
This temple is about 60 feet high. The inner wall of this temple, with a round roof, is about 9 feet in diameter. The temple is divided into four parts: -
1) Original temple 2) Jogmohan 3) Yagnamandir 4) Natmandir.
However, not all parts of the temple were built together.
The Bargabhima Temple is presently situated in the heart of ancient Traditional Eastern Medinipur.
It is said that Vishwakarma built this temple. That is why the artistic excellence has been observed in the architecture of this temple situated on the highlands beside Rupnarayan. Experts say, "The architectural beauty of this temple is the primary impression of communal harmony.
According to many, the Bargabhima temple is in fact a Buddhist architecture This temple is built on a pile of Tamralipta built by King Ashoka. The outer and inner structures of the temple are different. The inner structure is a Buddhist-like one.
It It is said that not only Kalapahar, but the Marathis were also bowed down to the goddess. They did not torture people in Tamralipta, but they came to worship in various rituals with various ornaments, in the temple of Goddess Bargabhima.
Location: - From the main bus stop of Tamluk, Maniktala or Hospital-side, this famous temple can be visited both directions.